What exactly is the Dark Web?The Dark Web is a conglomeration of websites that cannot be found on the usual search engines or accessed via traditional web browsers. Their location and identity are hidden through encryption tools such as TOR. TOR was originally created to protect military communication but now has a much broader utilization for both Dark Web purposes and highly secure communication. You typically have to access Dark Web sites utilizing TOR or a similar tool. People create sites on the Dark Web in order to hide where they’re operating from, as well as to remain anonymous. TOR hides all IP information, identifying information, as well as data transfers. Over half of the sites on this web are used for criminal activities.
Why Do People Use the Dark Web?One of the most prevalent uses of the Dark Web is buying and selling illegal goods, such as recreational drugs, weapons, fake identities, and organs. The proliferation of cryptocurrencies—like Bitcoin—has facilitated these sales. People living within totalitarian societies that restrict communication also take to this web to share their thoughts freely. So, it’s not all bad down there. The most dangerous use of the Dark Web for businesses is the exchange of stolen credentials (usernames and passwords) and identities. An individual’s personal credentials can typically be sold on there for as low as $1. Hackers utilize these purchased credentials to:
- Gain access to important financial information and steal identities.
- Drain bank accounts. (Access to a Bank of America account holding $50,000 can be purchased for $500).
- Access accounts for further phishing attacks
- Threaten people with exposure of sensitive information.
- Compromise other accounts using the same passwords and perpetuate the sale of personal Information.